Download A Commentary on Plutarch's De Latenter Vivendo by Geert Roskam PDF

By Geert Roskam

Plutarch's De latenter vivendo is the single extant paintings from antiquity within which Epicurus' recognized perfect of an "unnoticed existence" (lathe biosas) is characterised. furthermore, the fast rhetorical paintings offers a lot attention-grabbing information regarding Plutarch's polemical concepts and approximately his personal philosophical convictions within the domain names of ethics, politics, metaphysics, and eschatology.In this ebook, Plutarch's anti-Epicurean polemic is known opposed to the heritage of the former philosophical culture. An exam of Epicurus' personal place is by way of a dialogue of Plutarch's polemical predecessors (Timocrates, Cicero, the early Stoics, and Seneca) and contemporaries (Epictetus), and via a systematical and distinct research of Plutarch's personal arguments. The remark bargains more information and parallel passages (both from Plutarch's personal works and from different authors) that remove darkness from the textual content.

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Philodemus’ treatise De bono rege in this respect perfectly illustrates the kind of advice Philodemus has in mind. One should note that this argument need not run counter to the autonomy of politics. The philosopher in principle has to respect the politician’s autonomy, but may give inspiring advice that can contribute both to the politician’s project and to the social stability needed by the philosopher to reach tranquillity of mind. All of these arguments show that the Epicurean position can also be useful for the state.

55 Epicurus and the epicurean tradition 39 their usual attitude of withdrawal. Unfortunately, the precise background of their decision is unknown. They may have concluded on the basis of a careful calculus that the matter was not worth the trouble, although it is equally possible that they were indeed prepared to participate in the embassy but were excluded by a decision of the state. More decisive information can be gathered from the particular cases in which the Epicureans did engage in politics.

They are not the only means to reach the psychotherapeutic goal, however. Their efficiency is enhanced by several other elements. 1. The powers of rhetoric. In spite of the orthodox Epicurean tenet that the sage will not make beautiful speeches (οὐ ῥητορεύσειν καλῶς; Diog. Laert. 10,118 = fr. ), Epicurus was not blind to the powers of rhetoric. The formulation of the maxim λάθε βιώσας already forms a striking illustration of the importance of the rhetorical component in Epicurean Seelenheilung.

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