By Kathryn Gutzwiller
This ebook is a consultant to the terribly diversified literature of the Hellenistic period.A consultant to the literature of the Hellenistic age, from the dying of Alexander the good in 323 BCE to the conflict of Actium in 31 BCProvides overviews of the social, political, highbrow and literary ancient contexts during which Hellenistic literature was once producedIntroduces the foremost writers and genres of the periodProvides information regarding type, meter and languages to assist readers with out earlier wisdom of the language in realizing technical facets of literary GreekDistinctive in its insurance of present matters in Hellenistic feedback, together with viewers reception, the political and social historical past, and Hellenistic theories of literature
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Extra info for A Guide to Hellenistic Literature (Blackwell Guides to Classical Literature)
The poet’s truthfulness seems now to derive from expert scholarly knowledge, obtained either through consultation of an authoritative technical treatise or through accurate personal observation. 1 Aesthetic Principles Beginning in the late fifth century and continuing throughout the Hellenistic period, philosophical thinkers composed treatises, mostly lost, on poetic criticism, prose style, and the art of rhetoric. The leading poets were acutely aware of these discussions and in many instances contributed to them.
Other scholars who served as librarians, and also acted as tutors to the young princes of the Ptolemaic courts, included the epic poet Apollonius of Rhodes, the scientist and poet Eratosthenes of Cyrene, the textual editor Aristophanes of Byzantium, and the greatest of all textual scholars, Aristarchus of Samothrace. Eratosthenes (ca. 285–194) called himself a ‘‘philologist’’ because of his diverse scholarly interests including astronomy, geography, and historical chronology. In his important Geography, in which he worked out by mathematical and astronomical means the distance between localities, he expressed the opinion that Homer’s geography was largely imaginary, not a beginning point for the kind of rationalistic study that he was undertaking.
In doing so, he illustrates how one of the most important critical categories of the age, sunthesis, meaning ‘‘composition’’ in the literal sense of ‘‘placing together,’’8 could play itself out in the new arena of multi-authored anthologies. 2 Meter, Dialect, and Diction The metrical system used for ancient Greek was very different from the system for English. Ancient Greek was a pitch language, not a stress language like English or even Latin. As a result, an accented syllable was distinguished from an unaccented one by a rising tone, not by stress, and the metrical pattern was independent of the accent.