By Martin D. Buckland, Lynda Hall, Alan Mowlem
A advisor to Laboratory Animal expertise is a compilation of studies of animal technicians with reference to laboratory animals in either learn and breeding institutions. This ebook discusses universal laboratory species separately as regards to anatomy, replica, upkeep, tools of dealing with, and id. reviews at the universal ailments chanced on on those species also are supplied. All points of laboratory animal husbandry are thought of together with apparatus, SPF innovations, delivery, and legislations. this feature additionally features a consultant to exam method and simple arithmetic part which could aid scholars with little event in both box. this article goals to supply an creation and advisor for the newbies and scholars of the career, in addition to an invaluable entire reference paintings for all these interested by animals.
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Extra info for A Guide to Laboratory Animal Technology
26 A GUIDE T O L A B O R A T O R Y ANIMAL T E C H N O L O G Y Before the sterilisation process is started the maintenance and security departments should be informed of the hazard so that during the ventilation period after fumigation the air conditioning will not be turned off by any automatic thermostat or human intervention. Lengths of tape for sealing the door should be cut beforehand and prominent notices warning of the danger must be displayed. Just before the vapour has been set to release the room should be vacated, the door closed and locked and the gaps around the frame and the keyhole should be sealed with the adhesive tape.
Diets usually contain about 1 0 % water and water for drinking is usually supplied to animals from water bottles or automatic drinkers. Food intake will rise during growth when young animals are forming new tissues, during gestation when the female is providing for the developing fetuses, and during lactation when the female is producing milk for her young or if the animal is very active or the environment cold. Animals are usually fed ad libitum but may be given a restricted diet to curb body weight (for example obese mice 5 g of food per day).
Sodium, potassium and chlorine (Να, Κ and CI). These three elements are involved in many enzyme systems, the functions of the blood and with maintenance of the correct amount of water in the body tissues (water balance). Again it is not necessary to add potassium to diets but common salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is usually added. Salt also improves the palatability of the diet. The following are trace elements, which are required in minute amounts. Iron and copper (Fe and Cu). Iron forms the 'haem' part of haemoglobin, and copper is necessary for the production of haemoglobin.