By Ivy Livingston
Because the oldest literary Latin preserved in any volume, the language of Livius exhibits many gains of linguistic curiosity and increases fascinating questions of phonolgy, morphology and syntax.
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Additional info for A Linguistic Commentary on Livius Andronicus (Studies in Classics)
Since we should not, therefore, have complete faith in the statements of the grammarians, it may be profitable to use other methods to determine independently, if possible, the sense of topper . One obvious way to begin is to examine the context of the word, but this method cannot be expected to reveal much more to modern scholars than it did to the ancients. The context fails not only to confirm the translations quoted in Festus, but also to suggest any reasonably sure alternative. It may prove useful to note, however, that in seven of the nine passages, topper is the initial word of the sentence.
Vine, p. 203; Walde, WklPh. 1915, p. 793. 12. cf. also sumus , estis , sunt . 13. Kritische Erla¨uterungen , p. 192. ' w) was the original to -participle of cerno¯ ( B/*krin14. Certus (B/*kri -to -, cf. Gk. krito e=o-, cf. Gk. kr¤nv). 15. Or nine of thirteen, if one accepts the emendation of potantes danunt for potantes dant at Curc. 126. 16. A detailed discussion of the preferred scansion of trisyllabic words after the caesura Korschiana can be found in the comment on dextra¯bus below. 17. p. 351 M; the definition is attributed to Messala augur.
Furthermore, with the exception of a single inscription, none of the -nunt forms is attested outside of the more archaic poets, if the context is known at all. This would seem to suggest that metrical considerations may have played some role. All of the occurrences of danunt in Plautus are in iambic and trochaic meters, eight of the twelve15 occur at the end of the line, where such a metrical structure would be most convenient. 16 The analogy si%tus : sinunt : : da% tus : X 0/danunt , proposed by Sommer, provides the most convincing explanation of the origin of danunt .