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By William R. Elkins

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Example text

In the following list, each question refers to the sample utterance of the same number. 1. 2. 3· 4· 5· 6. 7· 8. g. 10. Note the form class of the endocentric structures. What do they tell you about the base pattern? Does the answer explain why miles is not marked Nc? Note the form class of the endocentric structures. What do they tell you about the base pattern? What might the base patterns of the deep structures be? What might the deep-structure base patterns be? What morpheme can be added to performance to prove that it is a noun word?

Obviously adjectivals add much to a language. FORM CLASS IV The adverbial or adverb class (adv) consists of words and endocentric structures which can substitute for the third word in a three-word pattern like Jack ran quickly. The procedure of commutation again shows the IC relationship in a wide variety of forms: he spoke softly (loudly, rapidly) people are here (there, at the park) he arrived yesterday (today, before noon) he went to town (to work, to the park) electricians work well (diligently, hard) Certain words are adverbs because they perform as intensifiers of other adverbials or adjectivals.

Adv ~ Dp + NP, here, quickly, well, frequently, today, etc. Dp ~ about, with, above, in, at, for, etc. These rules need some explanation. The item "NULL" in the Dn category means essentially that no Dn is chosen. " listed in the breakdown of the auxiliary stands for "participle," a bound or alternate-bound morpheme such as the en in taken. The braces { } indicate that only one of the enclosed i terns will be selected as part of the string. Parentheses indicate that the selection of an item is optional.

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