By Renata Polt
Those letters to a loved son and his relatives inform the poignant tale of 1 woman's lifestyles in Nazi-occupied Prague and aid clarify why a few Jews stayed at the back of. Henriette Pollatschek was once sixty nine years previous while the Nazis marched into Prague, the place she and her daughter had sought safe haven after fleeing their German-held fatherland in northern Bohemia. Henriette's son and his kin had already escaped to Switzerland and later to Cuba and the us. At every one step of ways, her kin steered Henriette to affix them. yet within the face of what was once then just a obscure and, to many, unimaginable danger of threat, she used to be unwilling to desert her monetary independence, her accustomed lifestyle, and the familial gadgets she had accumulated over an entire life. As residing stipulations for Jews worsened in Nazi-occupied Prague, besides the fact that, Henriette started to have moment innovations. Her letters to her son and his relations in Havana demonstrate an more and more determined scenario because the hindrances to flee fastened whereas dwelling stipulations eroded. finally either Henriette and her daughter perished.Henriette Pollatschek's letters supply an in depth photo of the lives of Jews in Prague throughout the struggle years: the evictions, the nutrition shortages, the concerns approximately livelihood, and the expanding prohibitions and laws, in addition to the courageous and pleased makes an attempt to take care of a typical lifestyles and endure hardships. Henriette's letters additionally aid clarify why extra Jews didn't get away. As Renata Polt, Henriette's granddaughter, concludes, "Who may perhaps think a Holocaust?" Translated, edited, and annotated by way of Polt and illustrated with intimate relatives snapshots, this booklet brings the horrors and dilemmas of the Holocaust alive in a relocating, own account whereas answering pertinent ancient questions on the causes of Jews who stayed in the back of. Renata Polt is a free-lance author and movie critic dwelling in Berkeley, California.
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Additional resources for A thousand kisses: a grandmother's Holocaust letters
I had a card from Tine17 yesterday, saying that they were about to go to the Riviera, where they have been invited by friends in Monte Carlo. What they will do after that they don't know yetwhether there will be a reunion with you or whether they will remain in France. What do you hear from Pepi? Someone here said that she was accompanying Willi and his family to Germany,18 but what people say isn't always true. Still, I would be happy to hear that Willi has found something to do again. That kind of news would be good news from Eugen and Peter also, but it isn't the case yet.
I kiss you all many times, Your Mamina The question of what to take along, which so absorbed Mamina and Lene (especially, as we will see further on, the latter) and which, with the benefit of hindsight, appears now so futile and indeed destructive, was an understandable pre-occupation of would-be emigrants. It is quite possible that the ladies and their friends had read Joseph Wechsberg's Visum für Amerika (Visa to America), a book 10. One of Mamina's sisters who, with her husband Emil, had gone to London to visit their daughter and son-in-law a week before Hitler's invasion of Prague in March.
In other cases, Jews entrusted property to Gentiles, who in turn were found out by the Gestapo. What the "imminent tax surcharge" was is not clear either: in the Reich, a special income tax was levied on Jews in 1936, and a 15 percent surcharge was added on August 5, 1940. " It is also possible that the surcharge was only a rumor. " Regulations applying to Jews in Germany sometimes differed from those applied to Jews in the "Protectorate," though in most cases Reich regulations were sooner or later adopted by the "Protectorate" government.