Download Akrasia in Greek Philosophy (Philosophia Antiqua) by Destrée, P. (ed.), Bobonich, Ch. (ed.), Christopher PDF

By Destrée, P. (ed.), Bobonich, Ch. (ed.), Christopher Bobonich, Pierre Destree

The thirteen contributions of this collective provide new and difficult methods of studying recognized and extra overlooked texts on akrasia (lack of regulate, or weak spot of will) in Greek philosophy (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Plotinus).

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That other Socrates claimed that what 18 At Republic IV, 438a–439b Socrates argues specifically that there are desires (‘appetites’) that are not good-directed (cf. n. 8 above): ‘Therefore, let no one catch us unprepared or disturb us by claiming that no one has an appetite for drink but rather good drink, nor food but good food, on the grounds that everyone after all has appetite for [‘desires’: epithumei ] good things, so that if thirst is an appetite, it will be an appetite for good drink . ’ (Socrates at 438a1–5, in the Grube/Reeve translation (Cooper, 1997)).

We believe that, for Socrates, moral knowledge is incompatible with strong nonrational desire in this sense. Now, since pleasure and relief from pain always appear good, even if one does not have strong nonrational desires, whenever there are two or more appearances from which to choose, one must still decide which is the appearance of what is really good. Someone who 16 thomas c. brickhouse and nicholas d. smith can make these judgments unfailingly, even in the face of the clearest appearance to the contrary, and who can give the correct account of why she judges as she does, possesses the metrêtikê technê.

6 Penner and Rowe (2005). 7 ‘. . [Aristotle] writes as though separation is the big differentiator between Plato and Socrates’, says Gail Fine (2003). She thinks this untrue; ‘commitment to separation [‘capacity for independent existence’: 255–6] is as muted in the middle dialogues as lack of commitment to it is in the Socratic dialogues’. ‘Separation is not, however, the only feature Aristotle points to in differentiating Plato from Socrates; and perhaps other of his claims are on firmer ground.

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