By Peter G. Debrunner, Hans Frauenfelder (auth.), Leopold May (eds.)
The preliminary impetus for this article happened once we have been looking for a unmarried booklet that may be instructed to the attendees on the Mossbauer Spectroscopy Institute on the Catholic college of the United States. This Institute is an introductory direction at the idea and interpretation of Mossbauer spectroscopy for staff in commercial, educational, and executive labora tories. not one of the books on hand thoroughly coated the breadth and scope of the lectures within the Institute. a listing of those books and assessment articles is incorporated in Appendix C. to fulfill our wishes, we undertook the production of this article. The chapters are established upon the lectures given on the quite a few Institutes from 1967 to 1969. lots of the lectures have been recorded and transcripts despatched to the teachers, who then ready the manuscripts, utilizing the transcripts as a advisor as a way to hold the fashion built throughout the lecture. every one bankruptcy is written within the kind of the authors. because the editor, my major job was once to major tain uniformity of structure and nomenclature. an inventory of nomenclature utilized in this quantity is reproduced in Appendix A. we are hoping that this record can be used quite via new investigators and lecturers of Mossbauer spectroscopy in order that destiny literature will hire a uniform system.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Mössbauer Spectroscopy
We must remember that analogies are meant to give a physical understanding to a complex phenomenon and they should not be carried too far. lf1A, o E 6E i =- io Eo i =0 Eo+6E i a: io Figure 1. The interaction of the magnetic dipole moment of a cannon shell with the earth's magnetic field. The range (energy) of the cannon shell is dependent on the orientation of the dipole moment. Nuclear Properties Determined from Miissbauer Measurements 47 E i 20-1 I-- T r ~ I~ Figure 2. The orientation of the quadrupole moment of a cannon shell.
May and D. K. Snediker, Nuc!. Instr. Methods 55, 183 (1967). R. M. Housley, N. E. Erickson, and J. G. Dash, Nuc!. Instr. Methods 27, 29 (1964). R. M. Housley, Nuc!. Instr. Methods 35, 77 (1965). M. Kalvius, Mossbauer Effect Methodology 1, 163 (1965). N. Benczer-Koller and R. H. Herber, in Chemical Applications of Mossbauer Spectroscopy, V. 1. Gol'danskii and R. H. Herber, Eds. (Academic Press, New York, 1968), p. 114. J. C. Travis and J. J. Spijkerman, Mossbauer Effect Methodology 4, 237 (1968).
Above the resonance frequency the driving force must accelerate the mass of the moving system. Below resonance, the velocity is in phase with the applied force, at resonance there is a 90° phase shift, and above resonance the velocity is out of phase with the applied force. This phase shift requires that the electronic circuit be carefully matched with the mechanical characteristics of mass, friction, and spring constant. A simple solution is to operate the velocity generator at a scanning frequency above its resonance.