By Professor Panayiotis Tzamalikos
This ebook provides a ground-breaking exposition of Anaxagoras' legacy to Classical and past due Antiquity, significantly assessing Aristotle's distorted illustration of Anaxagoras. Origen, previously a Greek thinker of word, is put within the historical past of philosophy for the 1st time. by way of drawing on his Anaxagorean history, and being the 1st to restore the Anaxagorean thought of Logoi, Origen cleared the path to Nicaea.
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Extra info for Anaxagoras, Origen, and Neoplatonism: The Legacy of Anaxagoras to Classical and Late Antiquity
In fact, long before the Sceptics, Aristotle had pointed out that, ‘concerning the question of the void either existing or not’, opposite arguments might be adduced, which could be equal in force. Physica, 213a12‒16. John Philoponus pointed out that, by this, Aristotle indicated ἐφ᾿ ἑκάτερα λόγοι ἰσοσθενεῖς. commPhys, p. 611. Themistius, Ὑπὲρ τοῦ λέγειν ἢ πῶς τῷ φιλοσόφῳ λεκτέον, p. 317c: ἐκείνου γεγονὼς ζηλωτὴς ᾿Aναξίμανδρος ὁ Πραξιάδου οὐ πάντῃ ὁμοίως ἐζήλωσεν, ἀλλὰ τοῦτ᾿ εὐθὺς παρήλλαξέ τε καὶ ἐξετράπετο, ὅτι ἐθάρρησε πρῶτος ὧν ἴσμεν Ἑλλήνων λόγον ἐξενεγκεῖν περὶ φύσεως ξυγγεγραμμένον.
Loc. : τούτους μὲν οὖν φησιν, Ἐμπεδοκλέα τε καὶ ᾿Aναξαγόραν, ἔτι δὲ Ἑρμότιμον καὶ τῶν ποιητῶν Ἡσίοδόν τε καὶ Παρμενίδην, πρὸς τῇ ὑλικῇ αἰτίᾳ ποιητικῆς μνημονεῦσαι αἰτίας. Simplicius, commPhys, pp. 1361‒2 (reporting Alexander of Aphrodisias): ἐν δὲ τῷ μείζονι Ἄλφα τῆς Μετὰ τὰ φυσικὰ πραγματείας ἐπαινῶν τὸν ᾿Aναξαγόραν καὶ πρὸ αὐτοῦ τὸν Ἑρμότιμον, ὡς μὴ μόνον ὑλικὰς αἰτίας τοῦ παντὸς ἀποδεδωκότας, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸν νοῦν ὡς ποιητικὸν καὶ τελικὸν αἴτιον θεασαμένους γράφει ταῦτα. Loc. : εἰπὼν οὖν ὅτι ᾿Aναξαγόρας καὶ πρότερος Ἑρμότιμος ἥψαντο τούτων τῶν λόγων, ἐπάγει.
Aναξαγόρας καὶ πρότερος Ἑρμότιμος ἥψαντο τούτων τῶν λόγων, ἐπάγει. Asclepius of Tralles, op. cit. p. 29: φανερῶς μὲν οὖν ἐκ τῶν φυσικῶν ᾿Aναξαγόραν ἴσμεν ἁψάμενον τούτων τῶν λόγων καὶ ἐπιστήσαντα νοῦν τῷ παντί. λέγουσι δέ τινες αἴτιον εἶναι τούτου τοῦ δόγματος πρότερον Ἑρμότιμον τὸν Κλαζομένιον. δοκεῖ οὖν καὶ Ἑρμότιμος ὁ πολίτης αὐτοῦ τῆς τοιαύτης αἰτίας μνημονεῦσαι. … τίς δὲ πρότερος τῆς τοιαύτης αἰτίας ἥψατο, πότερον ᾿Aναξαγόρας, ὡς δοκεῖ, ἢ Ἑρμότιμος ἢ Ἡσίοδος ἢ Παρμενίδης ἢ οἱ πρὸ τούτων, ἔξεστιν ὕστερον ζητεῖν.