Download Ancient Perspectives on Aristotle's De Anima (Ancient and by Gerd Van Riel PDF

By Gerd Van Riel

Aristotle's treatise at the Soul figures one of the so much influential texts within the highbrow historical past of the West. it's the first systematic treatise at the nature and functioning of the human soul, providing Aristotle's authoritative analyses of, between others, feel belief, mind's eye, reminiscence, and mind. the continued debates in this tricky paintings proceed the statement culture that dates again to antiquity. This quantity deals a range of essays via wonderful students, exploring the traditional views on Aristotle's De anima, from Aristotle's earliest successors throughout the Aristotelian Commentators on the finish of Antiquity.

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Extra info for Ancient Perspectives on Aristotle's De Anima (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy) (Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Series 1)

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Similarly, the existence and character of the formal account of perception does not preclude our being able to detail its physiological conditions as well. 3. a problem for form reception Let us suppose, then, that Aristotle’s account of perception is, in broad outline, as I have suggested. ¹⁴ That is, perception is defined as a kind of change in the sense of an actualization (ἐνέργεια) of a capacity, not alteration (ἀλλοίωσις), and the likeness between subject and object is non-literal likeness, even while the material cause of perception involves alterations of the sense organs.

Furthermore, since Aristotle goes on to claim (432a5) that the objects of thought (νοητά) are in the perceptible forms (ἐν τοῖς εἴδεσι τοῖς αἰσθητοῖς τὰ νοητά ἐστι), it is even more implausible to suggest that the only perceptible forms the perceptual faculty receives are colors, sounds, smells, and so on. e. as representations of external particulars. Aristotle appears to commit himself to the claim — which he ought anyway to acknowledge as a consequence of his views — that form reception is necessary but not sufficient for perception.

Nathanael stein ment: we may wish, on Aristotle’s behalf, to separate perception of the proper sensibles from the more sophisticated acts involving common or incidental objects of perception. Thus, perhaps we should view Aristotle’s talk of perception as a capacity for receiving sensible forms without matter as being exclusively an account of the perception of the special objects of perception, such as colors, smells, and so on. Indeed, the majority of the discussion of perception in Book ii of De Anima is focused on perception of the special objects of perception, and it is from this discussion (which includes chapters on each of the five senses) that Aristotle draws the conclusion that perception is a capacity ‘in a sense organ’ (424a25) for receiving sensible forms without matter.

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